Getting children ready to learn in school is an important family
responsibility. A typical kindergarten teacher may expect that a
kindergartener has a base of knowledge, such as the items listed here. Some
children may have already mastered this basic knowledge. For them, I list
suggestions of information to teach children when the first part is mastered.
of this is to be taught as if children are studying for a kindergarten entry
exam. Rather, this is the type of knowledge that parents can include in their
conversations and observations when they are with their children.
- Give first name, full name, age, address
(house number and street), birthdate (month and day), and phone number.
(When mastered, add name of city, year of birth, area code.)
- Recognize basic colors. (When mastered, add
a variety of color shades.)
- Recognize a large variety of everyday
- Pick out the different symbol, object, or
letter in a group where several are the same and one is different.
- Have enough experience with crayons and
pencils on paper so that she can copy familiar shapes such as square,
triangle, circle, rectangle. (When mastered, add hegagon, octagon,
- Stand or hop on one foot at a time.
- Count to ten. (When mastered, advance ten
numbers at a time as interest holds out.)
- Point to or touch body parts when asked to
identify them (hand, arm, elbow, eye, etc.).
- Listen to, remember, and follow both
one-step directions ("Get a blue towel") and two-step directions
("Get a blue towel and put it on the towel bar").
- Recognize numbers 1 through 5 and match the
correct number of objects to them. (When mastered, continue five numbers
at a time, if interested.)
- Write her first name (preferably with only
the first letter as a capital and all the others lower case).
- Show that she is learning to speak
understandably and in complete sentences.
- Listen to a story and then have a discussion
about it with the adult who read it to her, recalling details about the
characters and plot.
This column has been incorporated and expanded in Teach Your Children
Well: A Teacherís Advice for Parents.
All columns are copyright © Jay Davidson.
Permission is hereby granted for individuals to download and copy them for
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